Marianna Gurtovnik's interests lie in foreign policy, international security, and energy security. She has written on these topics for World Politics Review, Transitions Online, and the Congressionally-funded Project on National Security Reform (PNSR). For PNSR, she completed research studies on the strengths and weaknesses of the U.S. Government's response to the Iran-Iraq War (1980-88) and the Suez Canal Crisis (1956). She holds a Master's Degree in Public Administration from American University in Washington, DC.
"No effort will be spared to bring justice to the victims and hold perpetrators accountable to the full limit of the law... Civilized society has no place for this kind of violence." (Philippine President Gloria Arroyo on the November 23 political massacre in Maguindanao province, November 24, 2009).
The Philippine President, Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, hit the headlines last week when the news spread about a blood-chilling massacre that occurred in the southern Philippine province of Maguindanao.
As a woman, I am proud to see smart and hard-working women elevated to the positions of power in the world. Below are the quotes of several world-famous female politicians, which I find to be funny and thought-provoking. Whether you like or dislike these particular women, there is no denying the fact that each of them has left her own distinct mark on the world affairs.
Eleanor Roosevelt, Former First Lady of the United States and a Democratic Political Activist:
No one can make you feel inferior without your consent.
This week, I've been pondering over the reported breakthrough in the Israeli-Palestinian negotiations. There have been many moments in this sixty year-old conflict that seemed like they would climax in a denouement, but something would always fall apart in the last minute. The latest developments are unlikely to bring a speedy end to this territorial dispute, but they are worth mentioning for other reasons.
"We both stressed that to uphold the international nuclear non-proliferation regime and to appropriately resolve the Iranian nuclear issue through dialogue and negotiations is very important to stability in the Middle East and in the Gulf region" (Hu Jintao, General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party, on the outcome of his talks with the U.S. President Barack Obama concerning Iran's nuclear program, November 17, 2009).
"The sum of my experience is that reaching a two-state solution, Palestine and Israel living side by side in security and peace, is still possible, despite the dangers that we face and whose severity has increased recently." (Excerpt from the speech delivered by the Palestinian Authority's President Mahmoud Abbas, announcing his decision not to seek re-election next year--Ramallah, November 5, 2009).
“It was Dr. Abdullah’s right to choose to withdraw from the runoff election. My future actions will all be guided by the Afghan Constitution and I will accept the decision made by the Independent Election Commission of Afghanistan.” (Afghanistan’s President Hamid Karzai on his rival’s decision to withdraw from presidential elections.)
"We resolved that these issues [of restoring the MDC Party's powers within Zimbabwe's unity government] must be dealt with now, in their totality before this Government becomes completely discredited in the eyes of the people and the continent" (Zimbabwe's prime minister Morgan Tsvangirai of his efforts to re-establish a rule of law in Zimbabwe).
"[I]t is now time for us to assert and take our position as the dominant party in Zimbabwe. In taking this path, we are guided by the fact that we are the trustees of the people's mandate and therefore the only one with the mandate to remain in government.<...> However, it is our right to disengage from a dishonest and unreliable partner. In this regard, whilst being government, we shall forthwith disengage from ZANU-PF <...> until such time as confidence and respect is restored amongst us." (Zimbabwean prime minister Morgan Tsvangirai on his decision to suspend cooperatio
"Today, we are attempting to normalize relations with the country which, under the Osman rule, carried out the policy of expulsion and destruction of our people. The wound of the Genocide has not healed. But the memory of our ancestors and our future generations demand that we have a stable and strong statehood, a strong and prospering nation. We believe that one of the most important steps in this direction is the establishment of normal relations with all of our neighbors, including Turkey. Independence requires the will and determination to make important decisions, demands pragma